By seeing the title one knows it about taxes and programs, which it is. There is going to be four topics that are going to be discuss. The first one is about the ” benefit principle” while another is about cutting the most liked program/programs. The next, is about a main problem a policy maker who is trying to make a gram to help those with adictives such as smoking and/or drinking.Then, there is another program however, this one invovles the anti-poverty. As you can see the majority of the topics is about programs: About three-fourths . The first question is: The “benefit principle” has been used to justify in income taxation.What is benefit principle? Are there any problems with it? If so, what? It is a principle where people arwe taxed in accordance with benefits they get from the government . Yes, there are problems with it. The problems with it, are: taxation matches benefits recieve from the government, less or none at all money to spend/used,plunder:taking people money through matching taxation with benefits. In other words, the benefit principle is really worthless since they take large amounts of one’s money through income taxes. The next question is: what is the washington monument syndrome? When higher-ups decide to cut something due to being low in budget.They decide to cut a program/programs that everyone likes ,instead of the least liked program. By doing that the public will try it hardest to make the budget to it usual self and the so program they like is back. Followed by the third question which is: What is the primary problem facing a policy-maker who is trying to design a program to benefit people in unfortunate circumstanes? Is to design a program that will reward people who stop smoking, for instance. In addition, to make the reward not too low nor too right, but just right. Also, to not attract people who not doing what the program’s main purpose is to help get rid of. In additon, to not have most people doing what the program is trying to get rid of. Such as, more people who is not smoking start to smoke just because of the reward: Hinting the reward for people who stop smoking is too high and it is atracting more people because of that. Another example, the program attracts more people who are not smoking but starts and can not stop smoking because they became hooked on it. Also, the programs has more smokers than those who quit smoking. And finally our last question, which is: In practice, what have been some of the outcome -unitended or intended – of anti- poverty programs? Some of the outcomes have been intend of the anti – poverty programs. Because some people do give money to others that are in anti – poverty programs to end poverty.Which us a good thing my reason being us that they want to improve the society and help the poor.