1.Are voters informed? If not, why not? According to Professor Caplan, is the problem ignorance or irrationally?
They the voters are not informed at all. My reason being is that they(the voters) as a majority only focus on the appearance of those who are going to run for office. For an example, when Obama was run for office most african americans immediately decide to vote for him based on color and this is due to irrationally:not endowed with reason. In addition, they do not look for information about what he is for and this is due to their emotions for him since he was the first black president.
2. Professor Casey claims that the idea of political representation is an empty one. How does he defend this argument?
He defends it by stating that political representation can not and will not be able to represent everyone. In addition, it would be very difficult since everyone has different opinions. Such as, I would like strawberry and so does five hundred people while, one thousand likes chocolate ice cream and another two hundred likes vanilla ice cream. While they in office can not choose a group of people favorite ice cream over another group plus, they the people would prefer if they would represent only their ice cream: those who like vanilla ice cream would like if it was only their getting represented. See the picture?
3. Professor Hasnas claims that the idea of the rule of law is a myth.What does he mean? What purpose does the myth serve?
When he claims that the rule of law is a myth, he means the rule of law does not exist but was use as an excuse to have other people (humans) to rule over the majority. The purpose that myth serve was to get regular people to think that they were under the rule of law: The rule that is neutral,impartial,and objective, not the rule of Men. For instance, a law for paying one dollar eveytime one enter a store and by this the high ups get extra money,and every store gets money even if one does not but a thing. So is this is rule of law or Men?
1.How was the standard of living affected by the Industrial Revolution?
The Industrial Revolution affected standard of living in a good way: by adding more opportunities for them(the people). Also, before the Industrial Revolution there was only two options :make a profitable living in agriculture or have the tools necessary to enter an independent trade. After it, there was room in the economy for those who could do neither of these choices. There was factories that could only hire those ready for work for the wages offer to them and the wages were low. The women had went the factories as well so, they can have food to feed their children. The children too had to work as well for food and to help their families. In addition, it saved them, in strict sense of term, from death.
2. Evaluate this claim:”The New Deal was a wise series of government actions that healed the problems afflicting the economy.”
It wasn’t a series of wise actions but the opposite. Because the industries had to have a draft of production code themselves and all was pretty much equal.All had to have minimum wages,minimum prices,hours of production,production method,and so on. which is not good because there is no competition,and everything is equal. This does not heal an economy,it only makes it worse. In addition, industries had to comply(obey orders) and if they don’t they could get punished. Just by this there is no way the New Deal helped the economy and the people.
1. What kind of success did Africa have with governments that wielded great power over the different African economies?
There was no success in Africa because of the government that wielded a huge amount of power. The reasons why there was no success is because copper became expensive and, more and more money was taken away by the dictator.
2. What are some of the major arguments advanced the public choice school of economics?
One of the major arguments is voting. Because one would not always get everything they want from politicians: sometimes but rarely would happen but mostly get things you don’t agree on. For an example, person one claims that he is going to create more jobs, lower taxes, and the like yet, is 70% of what you agree and like. While, person twi claims he is going to stop wars , give out healthcare, and the like if in office however, is 30% of what you agree and like. Another is about government. My reason being is that people believe that government is their friend and helper (servant) . When government too has interest of it own. The majority of people tend to get this confuse. My reason being is because the people in the government are like us : they are humans too. But this with power over regular people.
3. what are front-loading and political engineering?
Front-loading and political engineering are some of the military production.Front- loading is where the military and/or government lies about the technical requirements and takes one money before it is done or tested. political engineering is the strategy of awarding contracts in as many different congressional in districts as possible. Then they make voters (people ) and congressional incumbents dependent on their money(military money) , by doing so they (pentagon’s political engineers) put pressure on them to always support front-loading programs even after their prices show. this makes it easier for the military to obtain the money the money of voters and congressional incumbents.Furthermore, it makes the military greedy for more and more money.
1. What are some of Marx’s criticism on capitalism?
He claims that capitalism deforms and stultifies people, and that capitalism is based on “exploitation” of the wage labor: that workers were pay only enough to live. In addition ,capitalism undergoes regular economic fluctuations (the business cycle)
2. how might you respond to the criticisms you discussed in question one?
When he critics that capitalism deforms and stultfies people; we know that isn’t true because capitalism helps people to improve,prosper,to aim higher & work more. Capitalism is not based on “exploitation” of the wage labor but on what the capitalist’s worker value that was created. However, it is true that capitalism does undergo a business cycle. Which is very good because it is good to know it’s cycle. Meaning that people would live a better life than always producing and/or doing what they want.
3. Discuss the following three terms in belief : A) what is to be done? B) New Economic Policy. C ) Ukrainian terror-famine(hunger).
A) Left to themselves, the proletariats (the working class) would never rise up in revolution. So the working class trade in unionism, which was all they would do. This taking a long time and caused Lenin to be impatient. So Lenin raised money for his revolutionaries through bank robberies and things of the like. B) was a policy to prevent government goons from grabbing food from peasants. Peasants would pay a tax in kind and then would be able to sell in open market, and there was a limited amount of private business allowed to operate. Another way to think of the New Economic Policy was “two steps forward and one step back” and was announced in 1921 in Russia. Lenin likely did this to improve Russia case : to help stop what does happening at the time, and to earn some money out of it. C ) The Ukrainian terror-famine was when there was a drop in food production. In addition, it was a very hard time for the peasants and had to reduce the average on what they planted because goverment goons would take most of what they produced. Also, many people had died during this time since there was less food to eat, so they had to fill their stomaches with things such as grass due to this.
My favorite is peanut butter and strawberry ice cream. What is yours? Now it is summertime and time for ice cream! However, one should look for natural ice cream because it would contain none of the following: no high fructose corn syrup, non-natural colors,non-natural flavors and other toxics things; In addition it would help one’s body to go natural. Therefore, by starting with a favorite snack would also help and/or with one’s food, that one would buy. So, i advice you to research the ingredients that is listed in your food, snacks, and drinks. Then when you can buy food, look for natural food stores, and buy natural food and also buy natural supplement,and drinks. you can buy one or two things that are natural from your natural food store and see if it agrees with you well. Go to http://naturalnews.com and from there you can get a variety of news.